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7 June 2018 A Life Table for Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in a Temperate Zone of Northeast Egypt With Key Factor Analysis
Mohamed H. Bayoumy, Hager S. Awadalla, J. P. Michaud, Marwa M. Ramadan
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Abstract

The American serpentine leaf miner, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromyzidae), is a perennial pest of leguminous crops in the Mediterranean region. A life table was constructed for L. trifolii infesting broad bean, Vicia faba L., in northern Egypt. Key factor analysis was used to rank sources of immature mortality over two seasons. Leaf miners had three successive generations, and a partial fourth, in each year, with peak abundance in March–April. Less than 15 and 22% of L. trifolii survived to adult in seasons one and two, respectively. The largest contributor of immature leaf miner mortality in both seasons was unknown (41.2 and 39.1% of total mortality, respectively), and likely comprised a combination of abiotic factors, parasitoid-inflicted mortality (host-feeding), and predation. Parasitism was second, contributing 36.2 and 35.6% of total mortality in the two seasons, respectively, primarily due to larval parasitism by Diglyphus isaea (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), and low levels of larval–pupal parasitism by Opius pallipes Wesmael (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Halticoptera circulus (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Residual mortality resulted from malformed pupae or failed adult emergence. Key factor analysis revealed malformation to be the major cause of pupal mortality. Sequential regression confirmed that unknown mortality and D. isaea were the top stage-specific factors, both acting on larvae. Parasitoid abundance tracked host abundance across generations, but density dependence was not observed for any mortality factor, and the magnitudes of regression slopes were small. The results indicate the potential importance of conservation biological control in management of L. trifolii, given that naturally occurring parasitoids and other biotic/abiotic factors exert significant mortality on immature leaf miners.

© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Mohamed H. Bayoumy, Hager S. Awadalla, J. P. Michaud, and Marwa M. Ramadan "A Life Table for Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in a Temperate Zone of Northeast Egypt With Key Factor Analysis," Environmental Entomology 47(4), 1047-1056, (7 June 2018). https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvy086
Received: 6 March 2018; Accepted: 11 May 2018; Published: 7 June 2018
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