The American serpentine leaf miner, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromyzidae), is a perennial pest of leguminous crops in the Mediterranean region. A life table was constructed for L. trifolii infesting broad bean, Vicia faba L., in northern Egypt. Key factor analysis was used to rank sources of immature mortality over two seasons. Leaf miners had three successive generations, and a partial fourth, in each year, with peak abundance in March–April. Less than 15 and 22% of L. trifolii survived to adult in seasons one and two, respectively. The largest contributor of immature leaf miner mortality in both seasons was unknown (41.2 and 39.1% of total mortality, respectively), and likely comprised a combination of abiotic factors, parasitoid-inflicted mortality (host-feeding), and predation. Parasitism was second, contributing 36.2 and 35.6% of total mortality in the two seasons, respectively, primarily due to larval parasitism by Diglyphus isaea (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), and low levels of larval–pupal parasitism by Opius pallipes Wesmael (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Halticoptera circulus (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Residual mortality resulted from malformed pupae or failed adult emergence. Key factor analysis revealed malformation to be the major cause of pupal mortality. Sequential regression confirmed that unknown mortality and D. isaea were the top stage-specific factors, both acting on larvae. Parasitoid abundance tracked host abundance across generations, but density dependence was not observed for any mortality factor, and the magnitudes of regression slopes were small. The results indicate the potential importance of conservation biological control in management of L. trifolii, given that naturally occurring parasitoids and other biotic/abiotic factors exert significant mortality on immature leaf miners.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 47 • No. 4