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3 June 2019 Behavioral and Physiological Resistance to Desiccation in Spotted Wing Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae)
Philip D. Fanning, Anne E. Johnson, Benjamin E. Luttinen, Elizabeth M. Espeland, Nolan T. Jahn, Rufus Isaacs
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Abstract

With a high surface to volume ratio, small organisms must carefully regulate their internal water status. Spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), is an invasive frugivorous insect distributed across a wide range of geographical regions that can have periods of dry and hot weather, suggesting that this species has strategies to avoid stressful environments and reduce water loss. It also survives winter as an adult fly, indicating that it has adaptations to the low air humidity of this season. To determine the importance of water stress to D. suzukii, we studied their survival in environments of low humidity, which was manipulated using Drierite, and their survival and water loss in response to desiccation. Survival of both sexes was lower in drier conditions, and while female winter morph D. suzukii had higher mortality early on, remaining flies were able to survive longer in the drier conditions than the summer morphs. A bioassay method was adapted from Enjin et al. (2016) using 48-well plates to videotape the location of flies and quantify their behavioral responses to humidity. Male and female D. suzukii avoided dry conditions within the bioassay system, but only when there was at least 25% differential between humidity extremes. This response was observed for both summer and winter morphs of D. suzukii and our results provide guidance for attempts to manipulate crop environments to reduce the economic impact of this pest.

© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Philip D. Fanning, Anne E. Johnson, Benjamin E. Luttinen, Elizabeth M. Espeland, Nolan T. Jahn, and Rufus Isaacs "Behavioral and Physiological Resistance to Desiccation in Spotted Wing Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae)," Environmental Entomology 48(4), 792-798, (3 June 2019). https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvz070
Received: 6 February 2019; Accepted: 8 May 2019; Published: 3 June 2019
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KEYWORDS
Drosophila
humidity sensing
Water balance
water loss
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