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12 June 2019 Supplementary Nutrition of Eucryptorrhynchus brandti (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Cryptorrhychinae): Effect of Ailanthus altissima Host Tissues on Ovary Maturation and Oviposition
Wenjuan Guo, Kailang Yang, Ganyu Zhang, Junbao Wen
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Abstract

Eucryptorrhynchus brandti is a trunk-boring pest that causes severe damage to its single host, Ailanthus altissima in China. Eucryptorrhynchus brandti adults require supplementary nutrition to achieve sexual maturity. Adults feed on petioles, shoots, 2- to 3-yr-old branches, and stems of A. altissima, but prefer to feed on stems. The effects of different host plant tissues on ovary development and oviposition in E. brandti are unclear. Thus, we examined the effects of the consumption of A. altissima petioles, shoots, branches, and stems on ovary development of E. brandti. Using ovaries of different ages, we also evaluated the differentiation of ovarioles, presence and appearance of follicular relics, number of eggs, cuticle hardness, and fat body quantity over time. We found the reproductive system was composed of two ovaries, lateral oviducts, a common oviduct, and spermatheca. The physiological age of ovaries was divided into three nulliparous and three parous stages. Females fed on stems had mature ovaries and successfully oviposited; females fed on other tree tissues or water had no functional ovaries and did not lay eggs. We found virgin females must obtain sufficient nutrition, as evidenced by the immature ovaries in females fed the water. We also found that only stems of A. altissima contribute to egg development; however, the other tree tissues do not contribute to egg development. These findings improve our understanding of the feeding preference of E. brandti from the perspective of ovary development as well as optimal host tissues for ovary development.

© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Wenjuan Guo, Kailang Yang, Ganyu Zhang, and Junbao Wen "Supplementary Nutrition of Eucryptorrhynchus brandti (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Cryptorrhychinae): Effect of Ailanthus altissima Host Tissues on Ovary Maturation and Oviposition," Environmental Entomology 48(4), 953-960, (12 June 2019). https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvz073
Received: 26 December 2018; Accepted: 17 May 2019; Published: 12 June 2019
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KEYWORDS
Eucryptorrhynchus brandti
ovary development
oviposition
supplementary nutrition
tree-of-heaven
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