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27 May 2020 Arthropod Granivory of Lime-Coated Cover Crop Seeds
Michael M. Bredeson, Dwayne Beck, Jonathan G. Lundgren
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Abstract

Diversifying cropland plant communities is prerequisite to restoring ecosystem functions in agricultural habitats. Cover crops are one such way to improve biodiversity, and broadcasting calcium carbonate-coated (lime) seeds can be a viable method for plant establishment. In addition to improving seed-to-soil contact, calcium carbonate may also reduce arthropod granivory. Here we examine the effect of this seed-coating technology on arthropod granivory for seven cover crop species under field conditions. Carabidae, Gryllidae, and Staphylinidae were the three most frequently collected granivorous taxa in pitfall samples, and Pterostichus permundus and Gryllus pennsylvanicus represented 60.8% of all individual granivores. Cover crop seed damaged was variable among plant species. Among all plant species, the presence of a seed coating significantly reduced granivory by nearly 40% in the 7-d field exposure. Individually, hairy vetch and sorghum × sudan seeds were especially protected by calcium carbonate. No positive correlations were observed between invertebrate groups and the number of seeds consumed. Alternative methods for assessing the functionality of granivorous arthropod communities should be pursued, as activity-density measured from pitfall traps failed to reveal important cover crop seed consumers. Protection of cover crop seeds from granivory through a calcium carbonate coating may allow producers to adjust seeding rates and save on costs, increasing the rate of adoption for this conservation practice.

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Michael M. Bredeson, Dwayne Beck, and Jonathan G. Lundgren "Arthropod Granivory of Lime-Coated Cover Crop Seeds," Environmental Entomology 49(4), 848-853, (27 May 2020). https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvaa053
Received: 19 August 2019; Accepted: 20 April 2020; Published: 27 May 2020
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KEYWORDS
Cover crop
granivory
insect
seed coating
seed establishment
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