Immature guava fruits (Psidium guajava L.) of commercial orchards in Mexico are affected by adults of Conotrachelus dimidiatus (Champion) causing economic losses to producers. The aim of this study was to assess the behavioral and electrophysiological responses of the weevil to selected semiochemicals emitted by the host plant fruit and to conspecifics. Volatile organic compounds isolated from host plant as β-caryophyllene, (S)-(–)-limonene, hexanal, and nonanal significantly attracted adults of both sexes in behavioral bioassays. Electroantennogram recordings showed largest responses to papayanal and grandlure III + IV released by C. dimidiatus and C. nenuphar, respectively. Our results indicate that behavioral and electroantennographic assays using synthetic compounds from host plant volatiles and insect volatile pheromones produce olfactometry and electroantennographic responses in C. dimidiatus. This is the first report of intraspecific chemical communication in this weevil. We discuss the significance of these responses for the natural behavior in guava orchards and their potential use in a pest management strategy.
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Vol. 49 • No. 4