Delayed mating is an effective strategy that can decrease the fecundity of a pest by reducing the time that females have to mate. This disruption does not completely inhibit mating and may lead to multiple matings. The effects of delayed mating with multiple partners on different indexes of mating in female and male Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) were determined in this study. The delay in mating significantly decreased the number of matings and the mating success of both sexes and the male contribution to reproduction. Compared with the effect on female fecundity, the delayed mating with multiple partners had a greater effect on the male mate contribution to fecundity. The longevity of females and males increased significantly with a 72 h delay in mating. Linear regression analysis showed negative relationships between delayed mating and fecundity and number of matings in both sexes. Thus, delayed mating with multiple partners can disrupt the mating and reproductive potential of S. litura.
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Vol. 49 • No. 4