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17 March 2023 Oxygen stress on age-stage, two-sex life tables and transcriptomic response of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella)
Tian-sheng Liu, Xiang-yu Zhu, Di He, Min-sheng You, Shi-jun You
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Elucidating the genetic basis of local adaption is one of the important tasks in evolutionary biology. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has the highest biodiversity for an extreme environment worldwide, and provides an ideal natural laboratory to study adaptive evolution. The diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella, is one of the most devastating pests of the global Brassica industry. A highly heterozygous genome of this pest has facilitated its adaptation to a variety of complex environments, and so provides an ideal model to study fast adaptation. We conducted a pilot study combining RNA-seq with an age-stage, two-sex life table to study the effects of oxygen deprivation on DBM. The developmental periods of all instars were significantly shorter in the hypoxic environment. We compared the transcriptomes of DBM from Fuzhou, Fujian (low-altitude) and Lhasa, Tibet (high-altitude) under hypoxia treatment in a hypoxic chamber. Some DEGs are enriched in pathways associated with DNA replication, such as DNA repair, nucleotide excision repair, base excision repair, mismatch repair and homologous recombination. The pathways with significant changes were associated with metabolism process and cell development. Thus, we assumed that insects could adapt to different environments by regulating their metabolism. Our findings indicated that although adaptive mechanisms to hypoxia in different DBM strains could be similar, DBM individuals from Tibet had superior tolerance to hypoxia compared with those of Fuzhou. Local adaptation of the Tibetan colony was assumed to be responsible for this difference. Our research suggests novel mechanisms of insect responses to hypoxia stress.

Tian-sheng Liu, Xiang-yu Zhu, Di He, Min-sheng You, and Shi-jun You "Oxygen stress on age-stage, two-sex life tables and transcriptomic response of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella)," Environmental Entomology 52(3), 527-537, (17 March 2023).
Received: 8 July 2022; Accepted: 27 January 2023; Published: 17 March 2023

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life table
Plutella xylostella
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
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