Proposed definitions of the states of the pectoral girdle architecture in anurans—viz., arcifery, firmisterny, arciferofirmisterny, and “almost arcifery” are evaluated with respect to their consistency with the most recent morphological observations. All previous definitions of the states of pectoral girdle architecture are invalid and new ones are proposed; the associated terminology of these definitions is formally defined.
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Vol. 60 • No. 1