Translator Disclaimer
1 September 2018 A New Species of Proceratophrys (Amphibia: Anura: Odontophrynidae) from the Araripe Plateau, Ceará State, Northeastern Brazil
Sarah Mângia, Ricardo Koroiva, Pedro M. Sales Nunes, Igor Joventino Roberto, Robson W. Ávila, Anathielle Caroline Sant'Anna, Diego J. Santana, Adrian A. Garda
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Natural rain forest enclaves in northeastern Brazil (called Brejos de Altitude) are present in isolated areas surrounded by the semiarid Caatinga biome. Among these montane areas, the Araripe Plateau in Ceará state harbors Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest remnants and is considered a priority area for biodiversity conservation. Herein, we describe a new species of Proceratophrys (Amphibia: Anura: Odontophrynidae; Horned Frogs) endemic to the Araripe Plateau. Based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences, we show that this new species is related to the Amazonian species P. concavitympanum but can be diagnosed based on the row of tubercles on the forearm and by the number, size, and disposition of tubercles on the dorsal region. It is also widely disjunct, known only from the mesic forests of the Araripe Plateau, 2400 km away from the type locality of P. concavitympanum. The new species depends on streams for reproduction and is currently known from an area that is severely impacted by deforestation and diversion of local streams for agriculture and recreation. Considering the many threatened species occurring in the same region, there is a need for future studies to quantify the new species' full distribution and evaluate population trends to correctly assess its conservation status.

© 2018 by The Herpetologists' League, Inc.
Sarah Mângia, Ricardo Koroiva, Pedro M. Sales Nunes, Igor Joventino Roberto, Robson W. Ávila, Anathielle Caroline Sant'Anna, Diego J. Santana, and Adrian A. Garda "A New Species of Proceratophrys (Amphibia: Anura: Odontophrynidae) from the Araripe Plateau, Ceará State, Northeastern Brazil," Herpetologica 74(3), 255-268, (1 September 2018). https://doi.org/10.1655/Herpetologica-D-16-00084.1
Accepted: 25 May 2018; Published: 1 September 2018
JOURNAL ARTICLE
14 PAGES


Share
SHARE
KEYWORDS
Brejos de Altitude
Caatinga Biome
Horned Frogs
phylogeny
Pleistocene
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top