Translator Disclaimer
1 April 2007 Case Study of Contaminated Groundwater Discharge: How In Situ Tools Link an Evolving Conceptual Site Model with Management Decisions
P Bruce Duncan, Marc S. Greenberg, Stan Leja, Jonathan Williams, Curt Black, Richard G. Henry, Leon Wilhelm
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

In this paper, we show how simple in situ tools provide key insights into groundwater transport and exposure pathways. We illustrate how integration between managers, hydrogeologists, and ecologists, through the use of an evolving conceptual site model, helps direct management decisions. An initial conceptual site model was used to guide a preliminary investigation to determine the extent to which contaminant exposure from discharging groundwater occurs in a waterway. Regulatory agency managers, informed by phased input of data, supported extending the site investigation subtidally to identify the nature and extent of waterway contamination and to provide the basis for developing remedial alternatives. Approaches and tools used in this reconnaissance investigation included monitoring ambient surface water for groundwater signatures, installing minipiezometers within the sediment, and installing diffusion samplers and seepage meters. Despite high concentrations of contaminants in nearby piezometer samples, the diffusion sampler array indicated few locations with contaminant accumulation in the top 20 cm of the sediment. At the location where deployed, seepage meters demonstrated a high degree of connectivity and the potential for mass loading in the waterway. In the collective experience of the authors, this is one of the 1st sites where this comprehensive suite of tools has been applied in a regulatory setting to evaluate the movement of industrial contaminants beneath and into a waterway. This approach was effective because of integration of disciplines, unification of previously separate groundwater and sediment investigations, and collaboration across separate agencies and programs. In large part because of the results, the facility and agency managers agreed, and have begun a comprehensive subtidal investigation, to characterize the distribution of sediment and groundwater contamination and to quantify the groundwater flux to the surface water.

P Bruce Duncan, Marc S. Greenberg, Stan Leja, Jonathan Williams, Curt Black, Richard G. Henry, and Leon Wilhelm "Case Study of Contaminated Groundwater Discharge: How In Situ Tools Link an Evolving Conceptual Site Model with Management Decisions," Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 3(2), 279-289, (1 April 2007). https://doi.org/10.1897/IEAM_2006-039.1
Received: 6 June 2006; Accepted: 1 June 2006; Published: 1 April 2007
JOURNAL ARTICLE
11 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top