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1 December 2005 Detection of Cotinine, a Nicotine Metabolite, in the Plasma of Birds Exposed to Secondhand Smoke
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Abstract

A commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to quantitate cotinine, a nicotine metabolite, in the plasma of caged birds exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. Birds in smoking households were found to have significantly higher plasma cotinine levels (4.3–37.8 ng/ml) than control birds from nonsmoking households (0–3.6 ng/ml) (P < .001). These high levels of cotinine are similar to those reported in humans with clear evidence of clinical alteration and resultant disease from environmental tobacco smoke.

Carolyn Cray, Joy Roskos, and Karen Zielezienski-Roberts "Detection of Cotinine, a Nicotine Metabolite, in the Plasma of Birds Exposed to Secondhand Smoke," Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 19(4), 277-279, (1 December 2005). https://doi.org/10.1647/2004-031.1
Published: 1 December 2005
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