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1 September 2017 Second-generation Anticoagulant Rodenticide Poisoning in a Captive Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus)
Kira L. Hydock, Camille DeClementi, Pilar H. Fish
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A 28-year-old female Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) housed in an outside exhibit at the National Aviary in Pittsburgh, PA, began showing signs of weakness. Toxicosis with an anticoagulant rodenticide was suspected because its mate had died 1 day earlier from possible brodifacoum poisoning. A rapid decline in the packed cell volume, despite vitamin K1 treatment, necessitated a blood transfusion with blood from bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and Steller's sea eagles (Haliaeetus pelagicus). Supportive therapy after transfusion included vitamin K1 (5 mg/kg IM q12h) as well as enrofloxacin, vitamin B complex, selenium and vitamin E, and subcutaneous fluids as needed. After a 39-day treatment period, a tapering dosage of vitamin K1 was initiated, and treatment ended after 17 weeks. However, 2 weeks later, the bird suffered from a potential relapse. It was successfully treated with a repeat tapering vitamin K1 regimen lasting a total of 4 months.

© 2017 by the Association of Avian Veterinarians
Kira L. Hydock, Camille DeClementi, and Pilar H. Fish "Second-generation Anticoagulant Rodenticide Poisoning in a Captive Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus)," Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 31(3), 256-261, (1 September 2017).
Published: 1 September 2017
Andean condor
Blood transfusion
secondary anticoagulant rodenticide toxicosis
second-generation anticoagulant rodenticide
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