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1 September 2008 Observation and Analysis of Hydrodynamic Parameters in Tidal Inlets in a Predominantly Semidiurnal Regime
Hamid Mirfenderesk, Rodger Tomlinson
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Gold Coast Seaway and Jumpinpin Bar are two tidal inlets that connect the Pacific Ocean to the extensive Gold Coast estuarine system. While the Gold Coast Seaway has been stabilized in the mid-1980s by two rock walls, Jumpinpin Bar has remained a highly dynamic tidal inlet. A detailed study of these two tidal inlets is overdue and has been hindered for a long time by the lack of comprehensive field data. This study provides an extensive hydrodynamic data set, which on one side provides an insight into the hydrodynamic behavior of these two tidal inlets and on another side provides a base for their further study. The measured data show relatively high flow velocities at both locations exceeding 2 m/s. It also shows a strong spatial asymmetry in flow velocity distribution across the Gold Coast Seaway during the ebb tide, which accounts for some of the morphological changes at the study area. A five-month water-level measurement indicates a mixed, predominantly semidiurnal tidal regime at these tidal inlets. Examination of tidal variation shows minor temporal tidal asymmetry at both inlets with potential impact on the sediment transport regime at the inlets. In terms of stability, investigation into the tidal prism and cross-sectional area relationship for both inlets can be described using existing relationships obtained from regression analysis of tidal inlets on Pacific and Atlantic coasts. In regards to stability analysis based on tidal prism–littoral drift relationship, the Gold Coast Seaway seems to be approaching stability while Jumpinpin Bar seems to be more of a dynamic inlet.

Hamid Mirfenderesk and Rodger Tomlinson "Observation and Analysis of Hydrodynamic Parameters in Tidal Inlets in a Predominantly Semidiurnal Regime," Journal of Coastal Research 2008(245), 1229-1239, (1 September 2008).
Received: 2 March 2006; Accepted: 20 December 2006; Published: 1 September 2008

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