Lonard, R.I.; Judd, F.W., and Stalter, R., 2014. The biological flora of coastal dunes and wetlands: Distichlis littoralis (Engelm.) H.L. Bell & Columbus.
Distichlis littoralis (Engelm.) H.L. Bell & Columbus = Monanthochloë littoralis Engelm. is a New World temperate- and subtropical-zone perennial grass that is an important species in hypersaline coastal landscapes. Also known as shoregrass, it tolerates salinities twice that of seawater. It occurs in soils low in organic matter and deficient in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Dense, monotypic populations of D. littoralis eliminate nearly all competing annuals in harsh coastal habitats. Distichlis littoralis provides limited cover and limited nutrition for resident and migratory birds.