Clemente, I.M.M.M.; da Silva, F.S.; Laut, L.L.M.; Frontalini, F.; da Costa, V.L.; da Conceição Rodrigues, M.A.; Pereira, E.; Bergamaschi, S.; Filho, J.G.M., and Martins, M.V.A., 2015. Biochemical composition and foraminiferal content of sediments for determining bottom sector environments in Guanabara Bay (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).
Three cities in Brazil—Rio de Janeiro, Niterói, and São Gonçalo—with an estimated total population of 11 million people, are located in the surroundings of Guanabara Bay (RJ-Brazil), making it a highly contaminated coastal system. Because of its importance, Guanabara Bay has been one of the most studied coastal environments in Brazil. Despite that, this study represents the first investigation, to our knowledge, to couple benthic foraminifera with the quantity and quality of organic matter in the area. The spatial distribution of water salinity and the surface sediment reduction potential, grain size, total organic carbon, sulfur, bacterial organic carbon, biopolymers such as carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, bacterial enzyme esterase, and total foraminiferal assemblages were studied at 30 stations in Guanabara Bay. Based on these data, six bottom environments—industrial, marginal urban, marginal urban/industrial mixing, eutrophic, transitional, and outer— were identified and described.