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4 July 2023 Using Coastal Reservoirs for a Sustainable Freshwater Supply: Feasibility Study in Ningbo, China
Liling Yang, Chengcheng Wang, Songda Zhang, Hanbin Gu, Kannapiran Thiruvenkataswamy, Lin Cheng, Pengzhi Lin
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Abstract

Yang, L.; Wang, C.; Zhang, S.; Gu, H.; Thiruvenkataswamy, K.; Cheng, L., and Lin, P., 2023. Using coastal reservoirs for a sustainable freshwater supply: Feasibility study in Ningbo, China. Journal of Coastal Research, 39(4), 712–721. Charlotte (North Carolina), ISSN 0749-0208.

In 2020, there was a very serious shortage of freshwater during the dry season in Ningbo, China. Aiming to solve this problem, methods to address the shortage by coastal reservoir development are proposed in this paper. According to the analysis of annual rainfall, extreme rainfall, total amount of freshwater resources, and water supply, Ningbo is not short of freshwater resources, but it is short of available freshwater. Based on the characteristics of river basins and landforms, the types of coastal reservoirs that could be built were analyzed. Results show that the northeastern plain area is suitable for construction of tidal flat reservoirs and river mouth reservoirs, and Xiangshan Port and Sanmenwan river basin are suitable for construction of river mouth reservoirs, estuarine reservoirs, and combined river reservoirs.

Liling Yang, Chengcheng Wang, Songda Zhang, Hanbin Gu, Kannapiran Thiruvenkataswamy, Lin Cheng, and Pengzhi Lin "Using Coastal Reservoirs for a Sustainable Freshwater Supply: Feasibility Study in Ningbo, China," Journal of Coastal Research 39(4), 712-721, (4 July 2023). https://doi.org/10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-22-00032.1
Received: 2 April 2022; Accepted: 8 September 2022; Published: 4 July 2023
KEYWORDS
Coastal reservoir
estuarine reservoir
freshwater shortage
river mouth reservoir
tidal flat reservoir
water resource.
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