Yang, X.; Ni, L.-K.; Tong, F.-M., and Zhang, H.-Y., 2019. Optimal management and allocation of superior resources in port industries. In: Gong, D.; Zhu, H., and Liu, R. (eds.), Selected Topics in Coastal Research: Engineering, Industry, Economy, and Sustainable Development. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 94, pp. 500–504. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
As marine trade and the shipments expand day by day, the port scale also increasingly enlarges; the resource staffing of port industries obviously increases; as valuable resources, the security management facilities equipped by port industries and authorities are wasteful and low in the customs clearance efficiency. Taking port industries and authorities as study cases, this paper describes the allocation and utilization of management resources of port industries, and proposes reasonable measures for optimization collocation of resources in order to reduce operating costs. The findings show that there is a big gap in the resource allocation structure and the customs clearance time between China and those developed countries. There are also different nature and allocation bodies of resources of the two. Driven by the conventions, policies, orders and markets, it is possible to achieve optimal allocation of resources, and reduce the consumption of human and financial resources. This paper provides a theoretical basis for optimizing security inspection and management of resources of port industries.