The bathypelagic shrimp genus Pasiphaea Savigny, 1816 (Caridea: Pasiphaeidae) has been previously known from Taiwan from only three species. However, recent deep-sea surveys around the island have collected numerous specimens comprising ten species, of which four are new to science: P. aequus n. sp., P. alcocki (Wood-Mason and Alcock, 1891), P. exilimanus n. sp, P. falx n. sp., P. japonica Omori, 1976, P. mclaughlinae Hayashi, 2006, P. levicarinata Hanamura, 1994, P. orientalis Schmitt, 1931, P. sirenkoi Burukovsky, 1987 and P. taiwanica n. sp. The four new species are fully described and illustrated, and compared with allied congeners. Pasiphaea orientalis is redescribed, as this species is endemic to Taiwan and its original description is inadequate. Amongst the three new records of Taiwan, P. levicarinata is also recorded for the first time from the northwestern Pacific.
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Vol. 32 • No. 2