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1 April 2010 Lethal and Sublethal Effects of an Insect Growth Regulator, Pyriproxyfen, on Obliquebanded Leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
Ashfaq A. Sial, Jay F. Brunner
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Abstract

The obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is one of the most destructive pests of tree fruit in Washington. The development of insecticide resistance in C. rosaceana has led us to explore new management tactics. The use of very low doses of insecticides that have strong sublethal effects represents an environmentally friendly option to improve existing integrated pest management (IPM) strategies. We tested the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen to determine its lethal and sublethal effects on growth and development of C. rosaceana. A leaf-disk bioassay was used to test seven concentrations of pyriproxyfen ranging from 0 to 30 ppm on fifth-instar C. rosaceana. Male and female larvae were assessed separately for mortality as well as other parameters of growth and development, The LC50 values for males and females were 2.4 and 4.8 ppm, respectively. The response to pyriproxyfen was concentration-dependent: only 5–6% of the larvae treated with the highest concentration emerged as morphologically normal adults compared with 86% emergence in the controls, The pupation and adult emergence was significantly delayed at concentrations higher than 1 ppm, The weights of C. rosaceana pupae and adults were significantly increased, whereas fecundity and fertility were significantly reduced at a sublethal concentration of 0.3 ppm. We conclude that both lethal and sublethal effects might exhibit significant impacts on the population dynamics of C. rosaceana in tree fruit orchards treated with low concentrations of pyriproxyfen.

© 2010 Entomological Society of America
Ashfaq A. Sial and Jay F. Brunner "Lethal and Sublethal Effects of an Insect Growth Regulator, Pyriproxyfen, on Obliquebanded Leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 103(2), 340-347, (1 April 2010). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC09295
Received: 3 September 2009; Accepted: 1 November 2009; Published: 1 April 2010
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KEYWORDS
growth and development
insect growth regulator
lethal and sublethal effects
obliquebanded leafroller
pyriproxyfen
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