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1 June 2010 Predation, Development, and Oviposition by the Predatory Mite Amblyseius swirkii (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on Tomato Russet Mite (Acari: Eriophyidae)
Hong-Hyun Park, Les Shipp, Rosemarije Buitenhuis
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Abstract

Predation, development, and oviposition experiments were conducted to evaluate Amblyseius swirskii (Athias-Henriot) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) as a potential biological control agent for tomato russet mite, Aculops lycopersici (Massee) (Acari: Eriophyidae), which can be a serious pest of greenhouse tomatoes. Results showed that A, swirskii attacked all developmental stages of A. lycopersici and had a type II functional response at the prey densities tested. The attack rate and handling time estimates from the random predator equation were 0.1289/h and 0.2320 h, respectively, indicating that A. swirskii can consume 103.4 individuals per day. Predation rates of A. swirskii on A. lycopersici in the presence of alternative food sources such as pollen, first-instar thrips, or whitefly eggs were 74, 56, and 76%, respectively, compared with the predation rate on A. lycopersici alone. A. swirskii successfully completed their life cycle on either A. lycopersici or cattail (Typha latifolia L.) pollen. At 25°C and 70% RH, developmental time of female A. swirskii fed on A. lycopersici or on cattail pollen was 4.97 and 6.16 d, respectively, For the first 10 d after molting to the adult stage, A. swirskii fed on A. lycopersici had higher daily oviposition rate (2.0 eggs per day) than on pollen (1.5 eggs per day). From this laboratory study, it can be concluded that A. swirskii has promising traits as a predator against A. lycopersici and that their populations can be maintained using alternative food sources such as cattail pollen. We suggest that the effectiveness of A. swirskii against A. lycopersici under field conditions needs next to be investigated.

Hong-Hyun Park, Les Shipp, and Rosemarije Buitenhuis "Predation, Development, and Oviposition by the Predatory Mite Amblyseius swirkii (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on Tomato Russet Mite (Acari: Eriophyidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 103(3), 563-569, (1 June 2010). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC09161
Received: 14 May 2009; Accepted: 1 December 2009; Published: 1 June 2010
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