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1 June 2010 Diurnal Activity of Four Species of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and Efficiencies of Three Nondestructive Sampling Techniques for Thrips in Mango Inflorescences
H. Aliakbarpour, Che Salmah Md Rawi
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Thrips cause considerable economic loss to mango, Mangifera indica L., in Penang, Malaysia. Three nondestructive sampling techniques—shaking mango panicles over a moist plastic tray, washing the panicles with ethanol, and immobilization of thrips by using CO2—were evaluated for their precision to determine the most effective technique to capture mango flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in an orchard located at Balik Pulau, Penang, Malaysia, during two flowering seasons from December 2008 to February 2009 and from August to September 2009. The efficiency of each of the three sampling techniques was compared with absolute population counts on whole panicles as a reference. Diurnal flight activity of thrips species was assessed using yellow sticky traps. All three sampling methods and sticky traps were used at two hourly intervals from 0800 to 1800 hours to get insight into diurnal periodicity of thrips abundance in the orchard. Based on pooled data for the two seasons, the CO2 method was the most efficient procedure extracting 80.7% adults and 74.5% larvae. The CO2 method had the lowest relative variation and was the most accurate procedure compared with the absolute method as shown by regression analysis. All collection techniques showed that the numbers of all thrips species in mango panicles increased after 0800 hours, reaching a peak between 1200 and 1400 hours. Adults thrips captured on the sticky traps were the most abundant between 0800–1000 and 1400–1600 hours. According to results of this study, the CO2 method is recommended for sampling of thrips in the field. It is a nondestructive sampling procedure that neither damages flowers nor diminishes fruit production. Management of thrips populations in mango orchards with insecticides would be more effectively carried out during their peak population abundance on the flower panicles at midday to 1400 hours.

© 2010 Entomological Society of America
H. Aliakbarpour and Che Salmah Md Rawi "Diurnal Activity of Four Species of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and Efficiencies of Three Nondestructive Sampling Techniques for Thrips in Mango Inflorescences," Journal of Economic Entomology 103(3), 631-640, (1 June 2010).
Received: 20 May 2009; Accepted: 1 January 2010; Published: 1 June 2010

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