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1 June 2012 Insecticide Susceptibility of Nezara viridula (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and Three Other Stink Bug Species Composing a Soybean Pest Complex in Japan
Hiroaki Takeuchi, Nobuyuki Endo
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The susceptibility of the stink bug species Nezara viridula (L.), Nezara antennata Scott, Piezodorus hybneri (Gmelin), and Riptortus pedestris (F.) to insecticides was tested, establishing their 50% lethal dose (LD50) values as baseline data. Third instars and adults of the four species were treated by topical application with seven insecticides: fenitrothion, fenthion, etofenprox, silafluofen, dinotefuran, clothianidin, and ethiprole. The weight of the stink bug and weight of the insecticide applied to each bug were used as explanatory variables in the probit regression analysis. The effect of the body weight on the dose—response relationship, the proportional model, was not uniform among the tested insecticide—stink bug combinations. However, the basic model fit all combinations and could estimate LD50 values successfully. Therefore, LD50 values at the medium (average) weight estimated by the basic model were selected to describe the susceptibility of the stink bugs. The LD50 value of silafluofen for N. viridula adults, and that of silafluofen and etofenprox for N. antennata adults, was at least 2,338 ng greater than the other species exposed to each insecticide. Almost all of the LD50 values for adults were over 10 times greater than those of the same species' nymphs treated with the same insecticide. Thus monitoring of occurring species and their developmental stages is important for controlling effectively the stink bug pest complex by insecticides, especially by silafluofen or etofenprox. The estimated LD50 values can be used as baseline data to compare the susceptibility of the species collected in another year or location.

© 2012 Entomological Society of America
Hiroaki Takeuchi and Nobuyuki Endo "Insecticide Susceptibility of Nezara viridula (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and Three Other Stink Bug Species Composing a Soybean Pest Complex in Japan," Journal of Economic Entomology 105(3), 1024-1033, (1 June 2012).
Received: 14 November 2011; Accepted: 1 April 2012; Published: 1 June 2012

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