In Iran, there are four pest domestic species of cockroaches: Periplaneta americana (Linnaeus, Blattodea: Blattidae), Blatta orientalis (Linnaeus, Blattodea: Blattidae), Blattella germanica (Linnaeus, Blattodea: Blattidae), and Supella longipalpa (Fabricius, Blattodea: Blattellidae). The aim of this study was to compile and review studies conducted on insecticide resistance of domestic cockroaches in Iran to assess the current knowledge and gaps. Twenty insecticides were used in susceptibility testing of cockroaches. The bioassay methods varied, and included surface contact (exposure tests), topical applications and feeding studies on baits. Resistance ratio (RR) stated in the reviewed studies showed that B. germanica was resistant (RR > 10) to DDT, permethrin, and cypermethrin, while P. americana and S. longipalpa were categorized as low levels of resistance (RR = 1–2). S. longipalpa is newly reported from houses in some areas of Iran, includingTehran, and there are very few studies on its' biology, ecology and insecticidal resistance. Most studies used adult cockroaches, while the susceptibility status of nymphs was evaluated only in few studies. Use of different test methods and lack of a World Health Organization (WHO) updated procedure, including revised/updated insecticide diagnostic dosages and test kits. The lack of susceptible strains of cockroaches was a major challenge in the assessment of data. A comprehensive national program for monitoring susceptibility of household pests to insecticides in Iran is of great concern and is highly recommended.