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10 January 2019 Effects of Cold Storage on Nondiapausing Eggs of the Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)
Ryan W. Geisert, Dalton C. Ludwick, Bruce E. Hibbard
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Western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, became much easier to research with the development of a nondiapausing rootworm strain. In the event that the eggs cannot be used immediately researchers have been known to delay egg hatch by storing the eggs at low temperatures. It is not well known how this technique could affect egg hatch or larval development, which could alter the results of an experiment.To test for this nondiapausing eggs of the western corn rootworm were stored at low temperatures to test for potential negative effects on hatch and larval development. Eggs were stored in either soil or agar and placed in refrigerators set to 4 or 8.5°C. Nondiapausing eggs were exposed to the cold for 1, 2, or 4 wk and then placed in a chamber set to 25°C. Eggs were then tested for average hatch percentage in Petri dishes and average larval recovery from containers with seedling corn. Results showed a significant reduction in percent hatch for eggs stored at 4°C for 4 wk. Larval recovery was significantly reduced in eggs stored for 4 wk at both 4 and 8.5°C. Within the treatments tested, egg storage for less than 4 wk in soil at 8.5°C provided the best hatch and larval recovery. Researchers wishing to store eggs may use these results to improve their rearing or testing of western corn rootworm.

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America 2019. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
Ryan W. Geisert, Dalton C. Ludwick, and Bruce E. Hibbard "Effects of Cold Storage on Nondiapausing Eggs of the Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 112(2), 708-711, (10 January 2019).
Received: 10 September 2018; Accepted: 6 December 2018; Published: 10 January 2019

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