29 March 2019 Effects of Cantharidin and Norcantharidin on Larval Feeding and Adult Oviposition Preferences of the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)
Yi-fan Li, Hong Sun, Na Xi, Yalin Zhang
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The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), is a destructive insect pest of cruciferous plants that has developed resistance to almost every listed commercial insecticide. Cantharidin as an animal-derived biopesticide is a natural defensive compound produced by Meloidae insects with toxicity to many insects including P. xylostella. Norcantharidin is an important substitute of cantharidin and has similar insecticidal activities to cantharidin. Although the toxicity of cantharidin and norcantharidin to P. xylostella has been reported, little research has focused on the effects of cantharidin or norcantharidin on the behavior of P. xylostella. In this study, we investigated the feeding behavior of third-instar larvae and the oviposition preference of adult P. xylostella in order to explore the effects of different concentrations of cantharidin and norcantharidin. Results show that cantharidin and norcantharidin have antifeedant effect on P. xylostella larvae. The values for AFC50 were 13.0228 and 149.4210 mg/ml, respectively. Furthermore, the oviposition deterrence rate of cantharidin on P. xylostella ranged from 49.37 to 58.24% and that of norcantharidin was from 20.88 to 33.33%. These results suggest cantharidin and norcantharidin may have repellent and antifeedant effect on P. xylostella, which could contribute toward using biopesticides to manage P. xylostella and may provide a new strategy for integrated pest management.

© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Yi-fan Li, Hong Sun, Na Xi, and Yalin Zhang "Effects of Cantharidin and Norcantharidin on Larval Feeding and Adult Oviposition Preferences of the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 112(4), 1634-1637, (29 March 2019). https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz049
Received: 23 July 2018; Accepted: 18 February 2019; Published: 29 March 2019

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animal-derived pesticide
diamondback moth
repellent effect
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