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1 April 2019 Spinosyns Cause Aedeagus Eversion in Carpophilus spp. (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae)
Ted E. Cottrell, Benjamin L. Reeves, Dan L. Horton
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During an assessment of various insecticides against sap beetles, Carpophilus sp., it was noted that at least some males everted their reproductive structures (referred to as aedeagus from here forward) when treated with a spinosyn insecticide, spinetoram. This response to spinosyns or other insecticides is not documented in the literature even though sap beetles have been included in numerous insecticide assays and spinosyn insecticides have been in widespread commercial use for >20 yr. Additionally, other insect species have not been documented to show a similar aedeagus eversion response to spinosyns or other insecticides. The objective of this study was to further examine eversion of the aedeagus when sap beetles were exposed to different rates of two spinosyn insecticides, spinetoram and spinosad. Additionally, we examined whether a similar response would occur in other insects when three species of Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) and one species of Curculionidae (Coleoptera) were exposed to spinetoram. Our results show that male sap beetles respond to both spinosyns by everting the aedeagus, females did not have an analogous response. No similar response was observed for the assayed species of Coccinellidae or Curculionidae.

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America 2019. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
Ted E. Cottrell, Benjamin L. Reeves, and Dan L. Horton "Spinosyns Cause Aedeagus Eversion in Carpophilus spp. (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 112(4), 1658-1664, (1 April 2019).
Received: 26 September 2018; Accepted: 18 February 2019; Published: 1 April 2019

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aedeagus eversion
sap beetle
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