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30 March 2019 Susceptibility of Cotton Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to Spinosyns
Guilherme G. Rolim, Lucas S. Arruda, Jorge B. Torres, Eduardo M. Barros, Marcos G. Fernandes
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The control of boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis grandis Boh., relies primarily on synthetic insecticides. Although insecticides are registered to spray cotton fields against boll weevils, only a few offer satisfactory control and most have broad-spectrum action. Alternatively, spinosyns have been recommended against lepidopteran pest species in cotton and are considered comparatively of reduced risk to nontargets. The susceptibility of nine populations of boll weevil to spinosad and spinetoram was determined through dried residue on squares and cotton leaves. Furthermore, control efficacy of spinosad and spinetoram compared with the standard organophosphate malathion was determined for caged adults at two different positions within the plant canopy or treated cotton leaves after different spray intervals. Boll weevil susceptibility varied across the nine populations and tested spinosyns. The lethal concentrations (LC50s and LC90s) varied from 8.62 to 32.25 and 49.86 to 281.70 mg a.i./l for spinosad and from 2.17 to 15.36 and 8.58 to 69.36 mg a.i./l for spinetoram. The location of boll weevil within the plant canopy affected the insecticide efficacy with higher mortality when caged on upper parts rather than on lower parts of cotton plants (>85% vs <45% of control) across all three insecticides. In addition, dried residues of spinosyns resulted in adult mortality >80% until the end of the evaluation period (8 d), while the standard malathion caused only 10% at this last evaluation time. Thus, we can conclude that both spinosyns promoted prolonged adult mortality using recommended field rates compared with the standard malathion.

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Guilherme G. Rolim, Lucas S. Arruda, Jorge B. Torres, Eduardo M. Barros, and Marcos G. Fernandes "Susceptibility of Cotton Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to Spinosyns," Journal of Economic Entomology 112(4), 1688-1694, (30 March 2019).
Received: 7 January 2019; Accepted: 3 March 2019; Published: 30 March 2019

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