5 June 2019 Temperature Limits for the Brown Wheat Mite, in Colorado
Rachael A. Sitz, Erika S. Peirce, Emily K. Luna, Darren M. Cockrell, Laura Newhard, Frank B. Peairs
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Brown wheat mites, Petrobia latens (Müller 1776, Acari: Tetranychidae), are sporadic yet economically damaging pests of winter cereals. In Colorado, their life history is closely tied to the development of winter wheat, where they are present in the field from crop planting in late September through harvest in early June. In order to withstand winter months, these mites are able to survive cold temperatures. However, the mechanisms of cold hardening and their temperature limits are unknown. This research documents the seasonal supercooling points of the brown wheat mite. Their seasonal average supercooling point stayed consistent throughout the year, never varying more than a degree from the overall average supercooling point of -17°C. The greatest variation in supercooling point was seen in the spring, during which supercooling point temperatures ranged from -9.2 to -25.5°C. We also documented the upper and lower lethal temperatures for the brown wheat mite. When comparing small nymphs to large nymph and adult stages, small nymphs were slightly more cold tolerant (lethal temperature estimates required to kill 99% of the population [LT99] were -30.8 and -30.6°C, respectively), but less heat tolerant (LT99 was 50 and 56°C, respectively).

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America 2019. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
Rachael A. Sitz, Erika S. Peirce, Emily K. Luna, Darren M. Cockrell, Laura Newhard, and Frank B. Peairs "Temperature Limits for the Brown Wheat Mite, in Colorado," Journal of Economic Entomology 112(5), 2507-2511, (5 June 2019). https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz157
Received: 19 February 2019; Accepted: 16 May 2019; Published: 5 June 2019

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cold tolerance
lethal temperatures
supercooling point
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