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1 July 2019 Differential Impacts of Citrus Thrips Across Sweet Orange and Mandarin Species
Tobias G. Mueller, Hanna M. Kahl, Bodil N. Cass, Elizabeth E. Grafton-Cardwell, Jay A. Rosenheim
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Several domesticated Citrus species are grown as major commercial crops in California. Despite this, farmers currently use a single set of management practices, originally created for sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck [Sapindales: Rutaceae]), for both sweet oranges and all mandarin species. Mandarins, primarily Citrus reticulata Blanco, Citrus clementina hort. ex Tanaka, and Citrus unshiu Marcovitch, comprise almost 25% of California citrus acreage, and little work has been done to assess host–pest interactions for these species. Citrus thrips (Scirtothripscitri Moulton [Thysanoptera: Thripidae]) are one of the main pests in California citrus and are major targets for early spring, “petal fall” insecticide applications. We used mixed species citrus blocks to test the influence of Citrus species, including C. sinensis, C. reticulata, C. clementina, and C. unshiu, on 1) citrus thrips densities following petal fall; 2) citrus thrips-induced scarring on both the calyx and stylar ends of fruit; and 3) fruit deformation. Citrus sinensis and C. unshiu had relatively high citrus thrips densities and scarring levels, whereas C. reticulata had lower densities of citrus thrips and scarring levels. The age structure of citrus thrips populations also varied across Citrus species. Fruit deformity associated with citrus thrips scarring was found on all Citrus species examined. Scarring on the stylar-end of fruit, a previously largely ignored location of citrus thrips scarring, was found to be common in C. reticulata. It is clear from our work that species-specific management guidelines for citrus thrips are needed in sweet oranges and mandarins.

© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:
Tobias G. Mueller, Hanna M. Kahl, Bodil N. Cass, Elizabeth E. Grafton-Cardwell, and Jay A. Rosenheim "Differential Impacts of Citrus Thrips Across Sweet Orange and Mandarin Species," Journal of Economic Entomology 112(6), 2767-2773, (1 July 2019).
Received: 8 April 2019; Accepted: 29 May 2019; Published: 1 July 2019

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