The citrus leaf beetle, Clitea metallica, is a specialized citrus pest through feeding on fresh leaves by larva and adults, and causes nicks and holes into leaves, leaving only a waxy surface layer. Insect cuticle is a complex exoskeleton that is not only involved in development but also protects the insect from environmental contaminations. Due to these key roles of the cuticle, cuticle-related genes are currently investigated in understanding the insect physiology in adaptation. Therefore, in this study, we built two libraries, transcriptomic (43 million clean reads) and small RNA (17 million clean reads), of C. metallica to identify cuticle-related genes and possibly associated miRNAs, being as an example to explore these data sets. Our results showed that a total of 47 cuticular protein genes were identified and most of these genes harbored a conserved motif (the Rebers and Riddiford motif) and belonged to the CPR family. Unigenes encoding proteins involved in chitin synthesis and degradation were also identified, including chitin synthase (2 unigenes), chitinase (14 unigenes), chitinase-like protein (2 unigenes), and chitin deacetylase (5 unigenes). Based on the small RNA library, we identified 30 miRNAs conserved across insect species. Among these miRNAs, 14 were predicted to be target genes associated with cuticle synthesis and degradation. In summary, 70 cuticle-related genes and 14 cuticle-related miRNAs were identified based on the transcriptome and small RNA library of C. metallica. These data sets will promote the understanding of cuticle molecular regulation in C. metallica as well as provide new potential targets for pest control.