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2 April 2021 Nondestructive Sampling for Spotted Lanternfly (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) Egg Masses in Woodlands Based on Fixed-Radius Plots
Houping Liu, Matthew Hunter
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Abstract

A nondestructive sampling method was developed for Lycorma delicatula egg masses based on fixed-radius plot (100 m2) in 2020. All trees >1.0 cm DBH (diameter at breast height, 1.37 m in height) on each plot were visually inspected from the ground 4 m from the tree with binoculars. Egg masses found on trees were separated into six within-tree positions (lower trunk, middle trunk, upper trunk, first branch, second branch, above second branch) and recorded by cardinal directions, whereas those laid on shrubs/vines and stones were recorded without such separation. In total, 146 trees were inventoried at 28 plots over seven study sites (four plots per site). Egg masses were found on 19 tree species plus summer grape (Vitis aestivalis) and stone. Of the 421 total egg masses recorded, 31.1% were on Norway maple (Acer platanoides), followed by tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima; 14.7%), black birch (Betula lenta; 12.6%), tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera; 11.9%), and American beech (Fagus grandifolia; 10.2%). Egg mass density per tree was positively correlated with tree diameter, and egg mass density per plot was positively correlated with plot basal area. Egg mass density after conversion ranged from 600 to 3,930 eggs masses/ha with no significant difference among study sites. Cardinal direction had no effect; however, significantly more egg masses were found on the first branches and upper trunks than other within-tree positions. Overall, branches were better than trunks in predicting egg mass number for the tree. The role of distance and late season adult aggregation on oviposition substrate selection are discussed.

© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Houping Liu and Matthew Hunter "Nondestructive Sampling for Spotted Lanternfly (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) Egg Masses in Woodlands Based on Fixed-Radius Plots," Journal of Economic Entomology 114(3), 1353-1361, (2 April 2021). https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toab053
Received: 29 December 2020; Accepted: 23 February 2021; Published: 2 April 2021
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