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11 October 2021 Simulation-Based Investigation of the Performance of Delimiting Trapping Surveys for Insect Pests
Barney P. Caton, Hui Fang, Nicholas C. Manoukis, Godshen R. Pallipparambil
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Fully trapped survey designs are widely used to delimit adventive pests populations that can be detected using traps and lures. Delimitation includes verifying the presence of the pest and determining its spatial extent. The size and shape of the survey design and the density of traps can vary; however, resulting variation in detecting efficiency is often unknown. We used a trapping network simulation model with diffusion-based insect movement to investigate delimiting survey trapping design performance for fully trapped and some modified designs. Simulations included randomized outbreak locations in a core area and a duration of 30 d. We assessed impacts of insect dispersal ability, grid size and shape, and trap attractiveness and density on survey performance, measured as mean probability of capturing individual pests [p(capture)]. Most published grids are square, but circles performed equally well and are more efficient. Over different grid sizes, p(capture) increased for insects with greater dispersal ability but was generally unresponsive to size because most captures occurred in central areas. For low dispersing insects, the likelihood of egress was approximately zero with a 3.2-km square grid, whereas an 11.3-km grid was needed to contain highly vagile insects. Trap attractiveness affected p(capture) more strongly than density: lower densities of poorly attractive traps may underperform expectations. Variable density designs demonstrated potential for cost savings but highlighted that resource-intensive outer bands are critical to boundary determination. Results suggesting that many grids are oversized need empirical verification, whereas other principles, such as using circular shapes, are readily adoptable now.

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America 2021. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
Barney P. Caton, Hui Fang, Nicholas C. Manoukis, and Godshen R. Pallipparambil "Simulation-Based Investigation of the Performance of Delimiting Trapping Surveys for Insect Pests," Journal of Economic Entomology 114(6), 2581-2590, (11 October 2021).
Received: 18 May 2021; Accepted: 2 September 2021; Published: 11 October 2021

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delimitation survey
invasive species
pest Management
survey and detection
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