The essential oil of Artemisia annua L. was tested for its toxic repellent and development inhibitory activities against 2 economically important stored product insects: Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Callosobruchus maculatus (L.). Adult beetles of T. castaneum were repelled significantly by oil of A. annua at 1% concentration (vol:vol) and above in filter paper arena test. Dose–response relationship of A. annua oil revealed a significant negative correlation between larval survival; pupal survival and adult emergence of T. castaneum (i.e., increase in dose caused decrease in survival and adult emergence). Effective concentration (EC50) to reduce F1 progeny by 50% was calculated to be 2.6 and 4.1 μl/ml solvent against both the insect species, C. maculatus and T. castaneum, respectively. The relationship between bioactivity of oil from A. annua and responses of T. castaneum and C. maculatus is discussed. We found that oil from A. annua was largely responsible for both repellent (behavioral) and toxic (physiological) actions on 2 species of insect tested.
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Vol. 93 • No. 1