Mobility and distribution of adult tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois), was studied on a day-neutral strawberry cultivar (‘Selva’) in 1991 and 1992 at L’Acadie, Quebec, Canada. On cage-covered plants, individuals were located mainly on reproductive parts. Study of the flight activity with sticky posts revealed that most captures were obtained <1 m from ground level and that the time of the day at which the maximum counts occur varied among seasons. Three pest-sampling methods (white sticky trap, tapping of flower clusters, and D-Vac) were evaluated over continuous 24-h periods. Maximum captures of adults with white sticky traps were made at midday (1000–1400 hours), whereas the two other methods proved more effective at the beginning (0600–0800 hours) or the end of the day (2000–2200 hours) or during night time. For nymphs, maximum catches were obtained during the day with tapping and D-Vac; white sticky traps were ineffective. Because the D-Vac captures individuals present on all parts of the plant, these counts were used to monitor the effectiveness of the two other sampling techniques. The data suggest that tapping flower clusters throughout the day is a very effective sampling method to estimate nymphal tarnished plant bug populations in strawberries. However, sampling of populations with a high proportion of adults should take into account the bias caused by their flight activity, and sampling should be conducted early in the morning or at the end of the day.
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Vol. 93 • No. 4