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1 October 2001 Effects of the Synergists Piperonyl Butoxide and S,S,S-Tributyl Phosphorotrithioate on Propoxur Pharmacokinetics in Blattella germanica (Blattodea: Blattellidae)
Hussein Sanchez-Arroyo, Philip G. Koehler, Steven M. Valles
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Abstract

Effects of the synergists piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and S,S,S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate (DEF) on propoxur pharmacokinetics were examined in the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.). Treatment of adult male German cockroaches with the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase inhibitor, PBO, or the esterase inhibitor, DEF, increased propoxur toxicity by 2- and 6.8-fold, respectively, implicating hydrolysis as a major detoxification route of propoxur in the German cockroach. However, significant hydrolytic metabolism could not be demonstrated conclusively in vitro resulting in a conflict between in situ bioassay data and in vitro metabolic studies. In vitro propoxur metabolism with NADPH-fortified microsomes produced at least nine metabolites. Formation of metabolites was NADPH-dependent; no quantifiable metabolism was detected with cytosolic fractions. However, microsomal fractions lacking an NADPH source did produce a low, but detectable, quantity of metabolites (1.6 pmol). PBO inhibited NADPH-dependent propoxur metabolism in a dose-dependent fashion, implicating cytochrome P450 monooxygenases as the enzyme system responsible for the metabolism. Interestingly, DEF also inhibited the NADPH-dependent metabolism of propoxur, albeit to a lower extent. Treatment with PBO or DEF also caused a significant reduction in the cuticular penetration rate of propoxur. The data demonstrate that unanticipated effects are possible with synergists and that caution must be exercised when interpreting synergist results.

Hussein Sanchez-Arroyo, Philip G. Koehler, and Steven M. Valles "Effects of the Synergists Piperonyl Butoxide and S,S,S-Tributyl Phosphorotrithioate on Propoxur Pharmacokinetics in Blattella germanica (Blattodea: Blattellidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 94(5), 1209-1216, (1 October 2001). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-94.5.1209
Received: 15 February 2001; Accepted: 1 May 2001; Published: 1 October 2001
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