Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varietal resistance to the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (F), was evaluated in hard spring and winter wheat produced 1997, 1998 (Bozeman, Montana). We tested the hypothesis that six Montana-grown spring wheat varieties, ‘Ernest’, ‘Scholar’, ‘Hi-Line’, ‘McNeal’, ‘Newana’, and ‘Amidon’, were equally and strongly resistant to R. dominica at low moisture contents (9–10%). Mortality/Feeding damage occurred in all varieties. In most assays, Ernest had significantly greater feeding damage from R. dominica than other varieties, usually not significantly different from the susceptible control. Mean adult mortality was significantly greater in McNeal (93%) and Hi-Line (92%) than in Ernest (34%) and Montana-grown, soft white spring wheat (Penawawa), the susceptible control (36%). In 9 wk, twice as many adult progeny were produced on Ernest than on McNeal, Hi-Line, or Scholar. We also compared three Montana-grown winter wheat varieties for resistance to R. dominica attack at low moisture contents (9–10%). Significantly more mortality after 6 wk was associated with all winter wheat varieties than the susceptible control. In ‘Nuwest’, ‘Rocky’, and ‘Vanguard’, significantly fewer progeny were produced than in the susceptible control; these varieties appeared more resistant. ‘Tiber’ and ‘Neeley’, in contrast, appeared more susceptible than other winter wheat varieties evaluated. Susceptibility decreased significantly with a 1.2% decrease in moisture content. Percentage of total protein was positively correlated with percentage of sound kernels and negatively with total progeny (r2 = −0.69). Kernel hardness was positively correlated with percentage of sound kernels, but negatively correlated with total progeny (r2 = −0.87) and dry weight loss.
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Vol. 96 • No. 1