Adult tomato psyllid, Bactericerca (Paratrioza) cockerelli (Sulc) (Homoptera: Psyllidae), behavioral responses were evaluated for five tomato plant lines and for the interactions of insecticides with four commercial cultivars. Plant lines tested included the commercial ‘Shady Lady’, ‘Yellow Pear’, ‘7718 VFN’, ‘QualiT 21’, and the plant introduction line PI 134417. Insecticides included a kaolin particle film, pymetrozine, pyriproxyfen, spinosad, and imidacloprid. Psyllids spent significantly more time feeding on ‘Yellow Pear’ than all other plant lines except ‘7718 VFN’. In comparisons among plant lines, psyllids exposed to the wild accession PI 134417 showed a 98% reduction in feeding, a significant increase in jumping behavior, and a significant tendency to abandon the leaves, thereby demonstrating repellency, not just an antixenosis response. Interactions between plant lines and insecticides influenced behavioral responses. All insecticides tested significantly reduced feeding durations on all cultivars except the preferred ‘Yellow Pear’. However, nonfeeding activities such as walking, probing, resting, and jumping varied substantially with chemical and cultivar combination. The behavior assay results offered insight into host resistance mechanisms, provided a useful technique for measuring effects of interaction of plant lines with insecticides, and generated information for selecting insecticides for specific cultivars used in integrated pest management program for the tomato psyllid.
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Vol. 97 • No. 3