Impacts of semiochemical-based insecticidal bait applications on beneficial arthropod groups common to field corn, Zea mays L., habitats were assessed in areawide-managed field sites in South Dakota and Iowa during 1997 and 1998. Slam, a commercial bait formulation comprised of 87% cucurbitacin and 13% carbaryl insecticide, was used for management of adult rootworm, Diabrotica spp., and controls consisted of cornfield habitats without bait applications. Effects on beneficial organisms were variable, and negative impacts were infrequent. Coccinellidae, Staphylinidae, and Anthocoridae were usually more abundant in bait-treated plots than in controls that received at-plant soil insecticides, especially by 4 wk postapplication. Carabid beetle activity also had increased in bait-treated corn by proportionally greater rates than in control plots at 4 wk postapplication in two of the four site by year combinations in this study. Impacts of semiochemical-based adulticide applications on Formicidae were not consistently negative or positive. The relative lack of consistent negative impacts on nontarget arthropods suggests that other biotic and abiotic factors leading to natural population fluxes may have more influence on these groups of beneficial organisms than applications of semiochemical-based bait containing carbaryl. Overall, it seems that areawide applications of these baits for managing rootworm populations in corn are not likely to impose deleterious effects on the nontarget faunal groups we surveyed, especially in comparison with the at-plant applications of soil insecticides used as experimental controls in this study.
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Vol. 98 • No. 6