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1 December 2005 Aggregation and Mortality of Agriotes obscurus (Coleoptera: Elateridae) at Insecticide-Treated Trap Crops of Wheat
Robert S. Vernon
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Agriotes obscurus (L.) wireworms assembled in increasing numbers at rows of treated (Agrox DL Plus seed treatment) and untreated wheat, Triticum aestivum L., planted at increasing densities (0, 0.15, 0.30, and 0.60 seeds/cm). In treated wheat plots at all planting densities, no wireworm damage to seedlings was apparent, and total wireworms taken in core samples in wheat rows increased according to the asymptotic equation y = B0(1 –e−Blx), where B0 is the asymptote, B1 is the slope of the initial rise, and x is the seeding density. The number of dead wireworms in treated plots increased linearly and intercepted the asymptotic models (theoretical point at which 100% mortality of assembled population occurs) at 0.95 seeds/cm on 11 June and 1.14 seeds/cm on 18 June 1996. Untreated wheat at all densities planted had severe wireworm damage and significantly reduced stand. Populations that had assembled at the surviving untreated wheat were fewer than in the treated wheat plots, and although increasing with seeding density, did not follow the asymptotic model. The data suggest that A. obscurus populations can be assembled and killed in fallowed fields in large numbers at treated trap crops of wheat over a 19-d period when planted in rows spaced 1 m apart at a linear seeding density of 1.5 seeds/cm.

Robert S. Vernon "Aggregation and Mortality of Agriotes obscurus (Coleoptera: Elateridae) at Insecticide-Treated Trap Crops of Wheat," Journal of Economic Entomology 98(6), 1999-2005, (1 December 2005).
Received: 17 December 2004; Accepted: 1 July 2005; Published: 1 December 2005

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