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1 December 2005 Host Plant, Temperature, and Photoperiod Effects on Ovipositional Preference of Frankliniella occidentalis and Frankliniella fusca (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
C. Chaisuekul, D. G. Riley
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Abstract

Host plant effects of tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., and chickweed, Stellaria media (L.) Vill., foliage infected and uninfected with Tomato spotted wilt virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus Tospovirus, TSWV) on the ovipositional preferences of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), and tobacco thrips, Frankliniella fusca (Hinds), were investigated for whole plants in the greenhouse. In addition, the preference for leaf disks from the same host plants was investigated under a range of temperatures, 15–30°C at a photoperiod of 12:12 (L:D) h, and at three photoperiods, 6:18, 12:12, and 18:6, at 20°C in no-choice and choice studies conducted in growth chambers. In a choice test, F. fusca oviposited significantly more eggs per whole plant foliage over a 7-d period than F. occidentalis by an average ratio of 3:1 over both tomato and chickweed. The optimum temperature for oviposition of F. occidentalis and F. fusca was 24.5 and 24.9°C, respectively. Both species laid significantly more eggs under the longest daylight hours tested, 18:6, in the choice study. Temperature and photoperiod did not significantly interact in terms of thrips ovipositional preference. Ovipositional preference for chickweed or tomato foliage was different for each thrips species in the choice and no-choice tests. However, both thrips species laid significantly more eggs per square centimeter of leaf area in chickweed than in tomato in the whole plant choice test.

C. Chaisuekul and D. G. Riley "Host Plant, Temperature, and Photoperiod Effects on Ovipositional Preference of Frankliniella occidentalis and Frankliniella fusca (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 98(6), 2107-2113, (1 December 2005). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-98.6.2107
Received: 20 September 2004; Accepted: 1 August 2005; Published: 1 December 2005
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