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1 February 2006 Effects of Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Kaolin-Based Particle Films on Pea Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) and Its Entomopathogen Pandora neoaphidis (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae)
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Abstract

Hydrophobic and hydrophilic kaolin-based particle films are effective for control of insect pests in certain agricultural crops. How these products interact with potential biological control agents is not well documented. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of the hydrophobic (M96-018) and hydrophilic (Surround WP) kaolin-based particle films (Engelhard Corporation, Iselin, NJ) on pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris), on peas (Pisum spp.), and on the fungal aphid pathogen Pandora neoaphidis (Remaudière and Hennebert) Humber. Over two field seasons (2001 and 2002) in northern Idaho, applications of M96-018 significantly reduced the rate of pea aphid increase on pea, but Surround WP, tested only in 2001, did not reduce aphid population growth rate. Neither particle film treatment was as effective as a standard application of esfenvalerate (DuPont Asana). In the laboratory, particle films suppressed pea aphid populations by up to 30%. M96-018 seemed to have some repellent activity based on aphid distributions after treating plants. When applied along with P. neoaphidis conidia, M96-018 but not Surround WP caused higher percentage of infection mortality of pea aphids by P. neoaphidis than occurred on controls treated only with P. neoaphidis conidia. P. neoaphidis conidia deposited on glass slides coated with M96-018, produced more germ tubes and secondary conidia than those deposited on untreated glass slides or slides treated with Surround WP. This result suggests that greater infection of pea aphids on plants treated with M96-018 is in part a result of a direct enhancement of fungal germination by the particle film.

Sanford D. Eigenbrode, Hongjian Ding, Jeffrey Neufeld, and Patrick Duetting "Effects of Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Kaolin-Based Particle Films on Pea Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) and Its Entomopathogen Pandora neoaphidis (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 99(1), 23-31, (1 February 2006). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493(2006)099[0023:EOHAHK]2.0.CO;2
Received: 5 May 2005; Accepted: 18 November 2005; Published: 1 February 2006
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