1 June 2006 Influence of Fluctuating Salinity on Insecticide Tolerance of Two Euryhaline Arthropods
Mee Y. Song, John J. Brown
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Among many other abiotic variations in an estuarine ecosystem, osmotic stress is an inescapable part of life. Organisms living in such environments must cope with changing osmotic conditions by either behavioral or physiological adaptations. Pollutants may increase the physiological stresses that an osmoregulating animal may encounter. We have developed a flow-through system that exposes test species to insecticides and continuously changing salinity conditions. This system has provided an insight into how susceptibility of a species to an insecticide can be affected by changing concentrations of salinity. Toxicity tests using this system were conducted with two arthropod species that are found in saline habitats: mosquito Aedes taeniorhynchus (Wiedemann) and brine shrimp (Artemia sp.). Four insecticides—aldicarb, dimethoate, imidacloprid, and tebufenozide—were studied. Both species were exposed for 48 h to a concentration of various insecticides that would cause 50% of the population to die in hyperosmotic artificial sea water (ASW). The mortality rate for both species was more acute in increasing salinity (10–200% ASW) than in decreasing salinity (200–10% ASW) conditions. A. taeniorhynchus was more susceptible than Artemia when exposed to its hyperosmotic LC50 concentration of toxicant while experiencing a change in salinity, e.g., adjusting to a changing salinity decreased the LT50. Our results indicated a change in salinity; more importantly, the direction of change altered the susceptibility of these organisms.

Mee Y. Song and John J. Brown "Influence of Fluctuating Salinity on Insecticide Tolerance of Two Euryhaline Arthropods," Journal of Economic Entomology 99(3), 745-751, (1 June 2006). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-99.3.745
Received: 5 August 2005; Accepted: 1 February 2006; Published: 1 June 2006

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Aedes taeniorhynchus
flow-through system
fluctuating salinity
insecticide tolerance
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