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1 October 2006 DNA Screening Reveals Pink Bollworm Resistance to Bt Cotton Remains Rare After a Decade of Exposure
Bruce E. Tabashnik, Jeffrey A. Fabrick, Scottie Henderson, Robert W. Biggs, Christine M. Yafuso, Megan E. Nyboer, Nancy M. Manhardt, Laura A. Coughlin, James Sollome, Yves Carrière, Timothy J. Dennehy, Shai Morin
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Abstract

Transgenic crops producing toxins from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) kill insect pests and can reduce reliance on insecticide sprays. Although Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and Bt corn (Zea mays L.) covered 26 million ha worldwide in 2005, their success could be cut short by evolution of pest resistance. Monitoring the early phases of pest resistance to Bt crops is crucial, but it has been extremely difficult because bioassays usually cannot detect heterozygotes harboring one allele for resistance. We report here monitoring of resistance to Bt cotton with DNA-based screening, which detects single resistance alleles in heterozygotes. We used polymerase chain reaction primers that specifically amplify three mutant alleles of a cadherin gene linked with resistance to Bt cotton in pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders), a major pest. We screened DNA of 5,571 insects derived from 59 cotton fields in Arizona, California, and Texas during 2001–2005. No resistance alleles were detected despite a decade of exposure to Bt cotton. In conjunction with data from bioassays and field efficacy tests, the results reported here contradict predictions of rapid pest resistance to Bt crops.

Bruce E. Tabashnik, Jeffrey A. Fabrick, Scottie Henderson, Robert W. Biggs, Christine M. Yafuso, Megan E. Nyboer, Nancy M. Manhardt, Laura A. Coughlin, James Sollome, Yves Carrière, Timothy J. Dennehy, and Shai Morin "DNA Screening Reveals Pink Bollworm Resistance to Bt Cotton Remains Rare After a Decade of Exposure," Journal of Economic Entomology 99(5), 1525-1530, (1 October 2006). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-99.5.1525
Received: 19 June 2006; Accepted: 1 August 2006; Published: 1 October 2006
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