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1 January 2005 A technique to produce aluminum color bands for avian research
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Abstract

We developed a technique to produce metal (aluminum) color bands, in response to concerns about leg injuries caused by celluloid-plastic color bands applied to Willow Flycatchers (Empidonax traillii). The technique involves color-anodized aluminum bands (unnumbered blanks and federal numbered bands), with auto pin-striping tape and flexible epoxy sealant, to create a variety of solid, half- and triple-split colors. This allows for hundreds of unique, high-contrast color combinations. During six consecutive years of application, these colored metal bands have resisted color fade compared to conventional celluloid-plastic bands, and have reduced leg injuries in the flycatcher. Although not necessarily warranted for all color-banding studies, these metal bands may provide a lower-impact option for studies of species known to be impacted by plastic color bands.

Thomas J. Koronkiewicz, Eben H. Paxton, and Mark K. Sogge "A technique to produce aluminum color bands for avian research," Journal of Field Ornithology 76(1), 94-97, (1 January 2005). https://doi.org/10.1648/0273-8570-76.1.94
Received: 20 January 2004; Accepted: 1 June 2004; Published: 1 January 2005
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