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30 December 2021 Coagulopathy Secondary to Chronic Hepatopathy in Three Lizards
Lily Parkinson, Katharine Kierski, Christoph Mans
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Abstract

Liver disease is prevalent in reptiles, but the understanding of the secondary consequences of liver disease in reptile patients is far from understood. This case series details three lizards that developed coagulopathy secondary to hepatopathies. Two green iguanas (Iguana iguana), both diagnosed with severe hepatic fibrosis, experienced coagulopathies—one with fatal exsanguination from a broken toenail and the second with acute pulmonary hemorrhage. A Mali uromastyx (Uromastyx maliensis) diagnosed with severe hepatic lipidosis experienced acute severe respiratory distress secondary to acute tracheal hemorrhage. The occurrence of pulmonary or tracheal hemorrhage in two patients appears notable; however, more cases are needed to determine the significance of this finding. All three cases had hepatopathies diagnosed by computed tomography, prior to the coagulation-related complications. Based upon the cases presented here, it is recommended that coagulopathic sequelae of liver disease be considered in lizards with hepatopathies.

Lily Parkinson, Katharine Kierski, and Christoph Mans "Coagulopathy Secondary to Chronic Hepatopathy in Three Lizards," Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery 31(4), 296-301, (30 December 2021). https://doi.org/10.5818/JHMS-D-20-00007
Published: 30 December 2021
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
cirrhosis
hemorrhage
Iguana iguana
lipidosis
liver
Uromastyx maliensis
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