Daniel Bernardi, Mauro Silveira Garcia, Marcos Botton, Dori Edson Nava
Journal of Insect Science 12 (28), 1-8, (24 February 2012) https://doi.org/10.1673/031.012.2801
KEYWORDS: aphids, biological cycle, Fragaria, reproduction rate
Our objective was to study the biology and develop a fertility life table for the aphid Chaetosiphon fragaefolli (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on leaves of strawberry, Fragaria × ananassa, Duchesne ex Rozier (Rosales: Rosaceae), of the cultivars Albion, Aromas, Camarosa, Camino Real, Diamante, Earlibrite, and Saborosa. This study was conducted under controlled conditions: 25 ± 1 °C, 70 ± 10% RH, and 12:12 L:D . Arenas were set up consisting of leaves inside Petri dishes containing 3% agar. Female aphids obtained after the last nymphal ecdysis were individually placed in arenas for 24 hours. The following biological parameters were evaluated: duration and survival of the nymph stage and of the life cycle (nymph-nymph), daily and total fecundity, and adult longevity. The aphids completed their biological cycle on all of the cultivars. The shortest durations (in days) of the nymphal stage were on the cultivars Camino Real and Camarosa (8.67 and 8.74 days, respectively), and the longest was on Aromas (11.12 days). The lowest survival was on cultivar Aromas (51%) and the highest on Saborosa (96%). When the time to development to the adult stage was compared, the aphids developed fastest (14.63 days) and survival was highest (96%) on cultivar Saborosa. Aphids reared on cultivar Aromas leaves had the longest pre—reproductive period (8.74 days), the greatest longevity (26.88 days), and the longest duration of the life cycle (19.76 days). Based on the fertility life table, cultivars Camarosa and Saborosa were the most favorable for development of C. fragaefolli, while Albion and Aromas were the most inadequate for aphid development.