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A β-glucosidase was purified from the digestive fluid of the palm weevil Rhynchophorus palmarum L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) by chromatography on anion-exchange, gel filtration, and hydrophobic interaction columns. The preparation was shown to be homogeneous on polyacrylamide gels, β-glucosidase is a monomeric protein with a molecular weight of 58 kDa based on its mobility in SDS-PAGE and 60 kDa based on gel filtration. Maximal β-glucosidase activity occurred at 55°C and pH 5.0. The purified β-glucosidase was stable at 37°C and its pH stability was in the range of 5.0–6.0. The enzyme readily hydrolyzed p-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucoside, cellobiose, cellodextrins and required strictly β-gluco configuration for activity. It cleaved glucose-glucose beta-(1–4) linkages better than β-(1–2), β-(1–3) and β-(1–6) linkages. The catalytic efficiency (Kcat/KM) values for p-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucoside and cellobiose were respectively 240.48 mM-1s-1 and 134.80 mM-1s-1. Beta-glucosidase was capable of catalysing transglucosylation reactions. The yield of glucosylation of 2-phenylethanol (20 %), catalysed by the beta-glucosidase in the presence of cellobiose as glucosyl donor, is lower than those reported previously with conventional sources of beta-glucosidases. In addition, the optimum pH is different for the hydrolysis (pH 5.0) and transglucosylation reactions (pH 6.6).