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1 August 2005 CORRIDORS AND OLFACTORY PREDATOR CUES AFFECT SMALL MAMMAL BEHAVIOR
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Abstract

The behavior of prey individuals is influenced by a variety of factors including, but not limited to, habitat configuration, risk of predation, and availability of resources, and these habitat-dependent factors may have interactive effects. We studied the responses of mice to an increase in perceived predation risk in a patchy environment to understand how habitat corridors might affect interactions among species in a fragmented landscape. We used a replicated experiment to investigate corridor-mediated prey responses to predator cues in a network of open habitat patches surrounded by a matrix of planted pine forest. Some of the patches were connected by corridors. We used mark–recapture techniques and foraging trays to monitor the movement, behavior, and abundance of small mammals. Predation threat was manipulated in one-half of the replicates by applying an olfactory predator cue. Corridors synchronized small mammal foraging activity among connected patches. Foraging also was inhibited in the presence of an olfactory predator cue but apparently increased in adjacent connected patches. Small mammal abundance did not change as a result of the predator manipulation and was not influenced by the presence of corridors. This study is among the 1st to indicate combined effects of landscape configuration and predation risk on prey behavior. These changes in prey behavior may, in turn, have cascading effects on community dynamics where corridors and differential predation risk influence movement and patch use.

Robert Jory Brinkerhoff, Nick M. Haddad, and John L. Orrock "CORRIDORS AND OLFACTORY PREDATOR CUES AFFECT SMALL MAMMAL BEHAVIOR," Journal of Mammalogy 86(4), 662-669, (1 August 2005). https://doi.org/10.1644/1545-1542(2005)086[0662:CAOPCA]2.0.CO;2
Accepted: 14 January 2005; Published: 1 August 2005
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