The experimental vector competence of five laboratory-reared ixodid tick species representing three genera [Amblyomma americanum (L.), Boophilus microplus (Canestrini), D. andersoni Stiles, D. occidentalis Marx, and D. variabilis (Say)] for Babesia equi (Laveran 1901) was evaluated by delayed transfer of male ticks from infected to susceptible equids or by infesting the latter animals with adult ticks previously fed as nymphs on infected equids. After feeding for 5, 6, or 13 d on acquisition hosts, ticks were forcibly removed and held off the host at 26°C, ≈93% RH, and a photoperiod of 14:10 (L:D) h for 6, 12, or 27 d. Intrastadial transmission to susceptible ponies by D. variabilis males, and transstadial transmission to susceptible burros by B. microplus adults, was demonstrated by blood smear and indirect immunofluorescence serology. The data indicated that male D. variabilis and adult B. microplus, tick species that occur on equids in North America and, in the case of the latter tick, also extensively in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, may be competent natural vectors of B. equi
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 39 • No. 4