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1 May 2003 Olfactory Stimulation of Africanized Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Attacks by Insect Repellents
Justin O. Schmidt, Andrea N. Johnston, Daniel L. Ginter, Hayward G. Spangler
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Abstract

Three common insect repellents (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide [DEET], Pyranha, and Repel X) were tested to determine whether they affected Africanized honey bee attack behavior. Eight Africanized honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies were exposed in an alternating series to the test repellents or blank controls delivered in a stream of air directed toward the colony entrances. The response generated by the repellents and the controls was measured as the number of attacking honey bees recorded with an electronic temper tester. Neither a citronella-based repellent (Pyranha) nor DEET had any effect on colony behavior; however, Repel X consistently caused a greater attack response after exposure.

Justin O. Schmidt, Andrea N. Johnston, Daniel L. Ginter, and Hayward G. Spangler "Olfactory Stimulation of Africanized Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Attacks by Insect Repellents," Journal of Medical Entomology 40(3), 275-278, (1 May 2003). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585-40.3.275
Received: 31 October 2001; Accepted: 1 November 2002; Published: 1 May 2003
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